solera, 15 years
Alcohol by volume:
5 g/L vanilla beans and prune macerations
The biblical Methuselah lived to the ripe old age of 969. It's intended that the brand's name emphasizes the long-term aging process. Although the newly created company may at best express that intent. Anyway, the official website reveals that the flagship Gran Reserva Solera 15 was launched on the market at the same year when the Matusalem brand was created, i.e. in 1872.
A distillery was established in Santiago de Cuba and it was doing quite well. It flourished especially during American Prohibition gaining recognition and even took the lead in sales. In the mid-twentieth century fortune changed; both owners died within half a year, and at the end of the decade, Castro nationalized the spirits industry. The family lost the distillery and finally ran abroad (1961). The emigres were arguing about the rights and had a legal battle.
The family didn't cease production, however. With headquarters in the Bahamas, it produces rum on contract in Puerto Rico and Florida. In all this confusion, product quality fells off. Meanwhile, Cuban communists are producing their own Matusalem (later renamed Santiago de Cuba). Ultimately, through an out-of-court settlement, the rights to the brand were acquired by Dr. Claudio Álvarez Salazar (1995). A wealthy doctor places a company in Florida and contracts a Dominican distillery. Which one? It was kept secret. So which one? Ron Bermudez (of Santiago de los Caballeros).
Brand relaunch in 2002 was based on strong Cuban reminiscences. The latter may be an euphemism. Pernod Ricard (50% joint venture with Cuba Ron SA) sued Matusalem for acts of unfair competition and infringement of the rules of geographical indications.
The court ruled that Matusalem was misleading customers by placing the word 'Cuba' in the center of the bottle, enlarged, gold-plated and framed. Furthermore, it's not appropriate to advertise a product with the term 'Spirit of Cuba / Espiritu de Cuba', since the product is made entirely in the Dominican Republic. For this reason the producer had to change the bottle's appearance. They say one swallow doesn't make a summer, but really there are two of them on the labels.
The defendant, well, defended himself: there was a note that the product was made in the Dominican Republic, even if in fine print; and after all, they have the right to be proud of their Cuban heritage. Besides, the competitors are simply envious. Bacardi commented somewhat dismissively on the case too, but they have their own issues with Pernod Ricard.
In 2016, a production plant was established in Monte Plata, Dominican Republic. The rum comes from column distillation and is molasses based. Aging proceeds in slightly burnt bourbon barrels. Cuban DOP regulations require double maturation, which Matusalem doesn't comply. The same about artificial additives, like macerations and extracts, which were found by Refined Vices ('~ 5 g / l Vanilla Beans and Prune Macerations').
Finally, some manufacturer's declarations: angel's share - 4.5% per year, added sugar - 5.7 g/L, the average age of the solera blend - fifteen years. 🥕